The Diagnostic Process

blue and silver stetoscope

Diagnosis has important implications for patient care, research, and policy. Diagnosis has been described as both a process and a classification scheme, or a “pre-existing set of categories agreed upon by the medical profession to designate a specific condition”. When a diagnosis is accurate and made in a timely manner, a patient has the best opportunity for a positive health outcome because clinical decision making will be tailored to a correct understanding of the patient’s health problem.

Disease Prevention Strategies

The natural history of a disease classifies into five stages: underlying, susceptible, subclinical, clinical, and recovery/disability/death. Corresponding preventive health measures have been grouped into similar stages to target the prevention of these stages of a disease. These preventive stages are primordial prevention, primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention.

Intraspecific Crosses in Tomato for Improvement of Fruit Quality: A Strategy for Enhanced Food Security

red tomatoes on board

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) is one of the most widely cultivated vegetable crops in Africa and all over the world. World tomato production in 2001 was about 103 million tons of fresh fruits on an estimated 3.9 million hectares of land. Hence, is ranked at the top of all fruits and vegetables as a source of vitamins and minerals in the U.S. It plays a major role in human nutrition, as an excellent source of phosphorus, iron, and vitamins A, B and C.

Alkaloids: Their Importance in Nature and for Human Life

Alkaloids are a huge group of naturally occurring organic compounds which contain a nitrogen atom or atoms (amino or amido in some cases) in their structures. They show strong biological effects on animal and human organisms in very small doses, and are present not only in in food and drinks but also as drugs where they show anti-inflammatory, anticancer, analgesics, local anesthetic and pain relief, neuropharmacologic, antimicrobial, antifungal, and many other activities.

Product Review: The Various Health Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

In investigating the nutraceutical properties of fishes in the month of March, we discovered a highly important group of fatty acids called the Omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are unsaturated fatty acids, and currently, the three most clinically relevant types are ?-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Probiotics and the potential for the treatment of peptic ulcer

The wake of COVID-19 has shown us that human and scientific efforts are required to combat diseases. However, the sudden outbreak of a pandemic like COVID-19 could also divert attention of researchers and scientists from focusing on existing and ongoing research to the new enemy of humanity. One area we hope will not be pushed aside is the role of probiotics and nutraceuticals in nutrition, health, and wellbeing and of course, cure for some for some diseases. This article focuses on probiotics and potentials for the treatment of ulcers.

New Concepts in Nutraceuticals as Alternative for Pharmaceuticals

A nutraceutical product may be defined as a substance, which has physiological benefit or provides protection against chronic diseases. Nutraceuticals may be used to improve health, delay the aging process, prevent chronic diseases, increase life expectancy, or support the structure or function of the body.

Genetic variation & tolerance indices interactions among wheat accessions under drought

field of plants

by Victor Olugbenga Olumekun, Abiola Toyin Ajayi and Oluwasegun Victor Ibidapo

In recent times, wheat has gained more acceptance and utilisation over the traditional staples such as tubers and other cereals in Africa as a consequence of increased demand for dietary enhancement due to urbanisation and increased population in regions where staple was predominantly known to come from maize.

Crossability and inheritance of seed coat colour in cowpea at F1 generation

assorted beans placed in rows on white fabric

by Abiola Toyin Ajayi

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is a crop of significant importance in Africa; it serves as a source of proteins in the tropical and subtropical countries, where Nigeria is ranked the highest in terms of production. It is a source of income for the people of Africa where it is widely cultivated for different purposes. Despite the good attributes of cowpea, one of the major constraints hampering its productivity in Nigeria is drought.

An Introduction to Lipase

Lipases are a group of water-soluble enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis (and synthesis) of ester bonds in insoluble acylglycerols at lipid-water interfaces. Lipases hydrolyze triacylglycerides into diacylglycerides, monoacylglycerides, free fatty acids and glycerols. Lipase reaction occurs at the interface between the aqueous and the oil phases because of an opposite polarity between the enzyme (hydrophilic) and their substrates (lipophilic).