Category: Virology/Public Health/Disease Epidemiology

Disease Prevention: Coronavirus

Coronaviruses (CoV), including SARS CoV, are single-stranded RNA viruses and belong to the family Coronaviridae. Coronaviruses are spread by the respiratory route.Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by SARS coronavirus (SARSCoV), which is spread by the respiratory route and through the ingestion of aerosolized faeces via contamination of the hands and environment. Close contact […]

Antimicrobial Resistance: Updates from WHO

Key facts Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. AMR is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. Without effective antibiotics, the success of major surgery and cancer chemotherapy would […]

RNA Interference: A Promising Approach for the Treatment of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection

HBV infection is global health problem with over 350 million HBV carriers worldwide and over one million deaths occurring annually. Current therapy which includes IFN-alpha and nucleoside analogs such as lamivudine are partially effective. And that’s where RNA Interference comes in.

Microbial Infections That Cause Stillbirths (Part I)

50% of all stillbirths have been found out to be due to infections, with 98% of these happening in low- and middle-income countries. In this series of write-ups that will run for about two weeks, cursory views are taken of bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoan infections capable of causing stillbirths in pregnant women.

What Has Respiratory Viruses Got To Do With Eyes Infections? (Part I)

The causative viruses of respiratory infections are often transmitted by inhalation of virus-containing aerosols and droplets from infected individuals, or by direct or indirect contact with virus-contaminated fomites on environmental surfaces. However, it has been discovered that the epithelia of the human eye is another mucosal surface which is equally exposed to infectious aerosols and contaminated fomites.