Diagnosis has important implications for patient care, research, and policy. Diagnosis has been described as both a process and a classification scheme, or a “pre-existing set of categories agreed upon by the medical profession to designate a specific condition”. When a diagnosis is accurate and made in a timely manner, a patient has the best opportunity for a positive health outcome because clinical decision making will be tailored to a correct understanding of the patient’s health problem.
Category: Virology/Public Health/Disease Epidemiology
The natural history of a disease classifies into five stages: underlying, susceptible, subclinical, clinical, and recovery/disability/death. Corresponding preventive health measures have been grouped into similar stages to target the prevention of these stages of a disease. These preventive stages are primordial prevention, primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention.
Hypertension (HTN) is a persistently abnormal elevated blood pressure which in the long-term, results in end-organ damage and consequently, increases morbidity and mortality. Till date, the cause of hypertension is unknown, however, there are many possibilities and influences related to hypertension in patients.
Coronaviruses (CoV), including SARS CoV, are single-stranded RNA viruses and belong to the family Coronaviridae. Coronaviruses are spread by the respiratory route.Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by SARS coronavirus (SARSCoV), which is spread by the respiratory route and through the ingestion of aerosolized faeces via contamination of the hands and environment. Close contact […]
Key facts Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. AMR is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. Without effective antibiotics, the success of major surgery and cancer chemotherapy would […]
This article became necessary on encountering this article written in Lancet Journal. The key information relayed in that article should be extracted and highlighted for the usage of those health workers and officials involved in the armed conflict areas in Nigeria and other places to have maximum effect on the health of children in affected areas.
The rampage of the Ebola epidemic has driven more people to panic than the HIV/AIDS scourge. Yet, few people really knew little about why the causative virus itself, Ebola virus, is proving elusive to prevention and cure. This article listed and explained five virological-based information about the disease and its causative virus.
Over much of epidemiology early history, epidemiologists concentrated almost entirely upon human infectious diseases, and much of the epidemiological work on these diseases has focused on measuring burden, describing patterns, and attempting to understand the transmission dynamics of infectious agents.
50% of all stillbirths have been found out to be due to infections, with 98% of these happening in low- and middle-income countries. In this series of write-ups that will run for about two weeks, cursory views are taken of bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoan infections capable of causing stillbirths in pregnant women.