Category: Medical Microbiology/Infections & Diseases/Immunology

the study of the pathogenic microbes and the role of microbes in human illness. Includes the study of microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology and is related to the study of disease pathology and immunology. This area of microbiology also covers the study of human microbiota, cancer, and the tumor microenvironment.

Three reasons COVID-19 might be difficult to control and three reasons it might be easily controlled.

by Tayo Fasuan So let us get straight to this in order to warn and encourage us in the fight against COVID-19 caused by SARS CoV-2 that just got into our country, Nigeria. So, why would this Coronavirus be difficult to control. 1. It is an air-borne virus. In the history of infectious diseases, airborne […]

Antibiotic resistance

Introduction Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant. These bacteria may infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic […]

Disease Prevention: Coronavirus

Coronaviruses (CoV), including SARS CoV, are single-stranded RNA viruses and belong to the family Coronaviridae. Coronaviruses are spread by the respiratory route.Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by SARS coronavirus (SARSCoV), which is spread by the respiratory route and through the ingestion of aerosolized faeces via contamination of the hands and environment. Close contact […]

Risk Factor and Risk Prediction of Breast Cancer

by Tayo Fasuan Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide. Prediction models stratify a woman’s risk for developing cancer and can guide screening recommendations based on the presence of known and quantifiable hormonal, environmental, personal, or genetic risk factors. Mammography remains the mainstay breast cancer screening and detection but magnetic resonance imaging […]

Antimicrobial Resistance: Updates from WHO

Key facts Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. AMR is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. Without effective antibiotics, the success of major surgery and cancer chemotherapy would […]

The Initiation of Infection and the Cause of Disease (Part 3): Disseminated and Opportunistic Infections

In the field of infectious diseases, two of the most dreaded types of infection are disseminated infections and opportunistic infections. Without these two forms of infections, most diseases would easily be resolved. Co-infection is another complication, but we’ll discuss that at another date.

The Initiation of Infection and the Causes of Disease (Part 1): Factors Determining Infections

Before any individual can be infected, there must be a point of entry. For us humans, most of our sense organs are point of entry for microorganisms, and they also double as initiation point for infection most times. Hence, we have the following entry points for infective microorganisms: mouth, ear, nose, eyes, skin and sex organs (genitalia).

Simple, Important Questions & Answers about Autoimmune Diseases (III)

“Sexual relationships can also be affected. For men, diseases that affect blood vessels can lead to problems with erection. In women, damage to glands that produce moisture can lead to vaginal dryness. This makes intercourse painful. In both men and women, pain, weakness, or stiff joints may make it hard for them to move the way they once did. “

RNA Interference: A Promising Approach for the Treatment of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection

HBV infection is global health problem with over 350 million HBV carriers worldwide and over one million deaths occurring annually. Current therapy which includes IFN-alpha and nucleoside analogs such as lamivudine are partially effective. And that’s where RNA Interference comes in.