Flavonoids, a group of natural substances with variable phenolic structures, are found in fruits, vegetables, grains, bark, roots, stems, flowers, tea and wine. These natural products are well known for their beneficial effects on health and efforts are being made to isolate the ingredients so called flavonoids.
Category: Food/Industrial/Pharmaceutical Microbiology/Biotechnology
Pharmaceutical microbiology: the study of microorganisms that are related to the production of antibiotics, enzymes, vitamins, vaccines, and other pharmaceutical products and that cause pharmaceutical contamination and spoil.
Industrial microbiology: the exploitation of microbes for use in industrial processes. Examples include industrial fermentation and wastewater treatment. Closely linked to the biotechnology industry. This field also includes brewing, an important application of microbiology.
Food microbiology: the study of microorganisms causing food spoilage and foodborne illness. Using microorganisms to produce foods, for example by fermentation.
In investigating the nutraceutical properties of fishes in the month of March, we discovered a highly important group of fatty acids called the Omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are unsaturated fatty acids, and currently, the three most clinically relevant types are ?-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
The wake of COVID-19 has shown us that human and scientific efforts are required to combat diseases. However, the sudden outbreak of a pandemic like COVID-19 could also divert attention of researchers and scientists from focusing on existing and ongoing research to the new enemy of humanity. One area we hope will not be pushed aside is the role of probiotics and nutraceuticals in nutrition, health, and wellbeing and of course, cure for some for some diseases. This article focuses on probiotics and potentials for the treatment of ulcers.
A nutraceutical product may be defined as a substance, which has physiological benefit or provides protection against chronic diseases. Nutraceuticals may be used to improve health, delay the aging process, prevent chronic diseases, increase life expectancy, or support the structure or function of the body.
Although the exact ways of actions are not fully understood, the possible modes of probiotics action include the following: enhancement of epithelial barrier function; increased adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells; competitive exclusion of pathogenic microorganisms, and; production of antimicrobial peptides.
Lipases are a group of water-soluble enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis (and synthesis) of ester bonds in insoluble acylglycerols at lipid-water interfaces. Lipases hydrolyze triacylglycerides into diacylglycerides, monoacylglycerides, free fatty acids and glycerols. Lipase reaction occurs at the interface between the aqueous and the oil phases because of an opposite polarity between the enzyme (hydrophilic) and their substrates (lipophilic).
Idli is a white, fermented acid (leavened), soft, spongy textured product and steamed cake of rice and dehulled black gram dhal eaten in Southeast Asian countries. is a very popular fermented breakfast food consumed in the Indian subcontinent made mainly of rice and black gram. Soybean, green gram and chick pea can be substituted for the black gram.
The use of microbes in wastewater treatment plant is an integral piece of the treatment process, as microorganisms are used in the secondary treatment of wastewater to remove dissolved organic matters. In this seminar abstract, the presenter showed an overview of the usefulness of fungal treatment of wastewater.
Garri is perhaps the second-ranking most staple food in Nigeria, ranking closely after rice.However, despite its popularity, the product is highly deficient in almost all food classes except carbohydrate. This has prompted numerous attempts by food scientists to fortify it with other classes of food, especially foods rich in protein.