West Africa has experienced several epidemic outbreaks over the years. The Ebola virus outbreak was one of the most devastating outbreaks between 2014-2016, which primarily affected Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Thousands of people died as a result of this epidemic. Other outbreaks experienced and still ongoing public health concernsContinue Reading

Epidemic preparedness in West Africa is an urgent and critical concern that demands the attention of both regional and global health stakeholders. This focus stems from the region’s historical vulnerability to infectious disease outbreaks and its exposure to emerging health threats. The West African landscape is marked by diversity, encompassingContinue Reading

Airborne microorganisms survive in the atmosphere based on intrinsic adaptive features and the prevailing environmental conditions. The residence times for each group of organisms vary and may depend on whether they exist as spores or vegetative cells, and whether they are metabolically active or not. Bacterial vegetative cells, endospores, andContinue Reading

Programmes to eradicate malaria must be funded in order to function, and they must show that their efforts are having a positive effect. M&E reports serve as a useful data source for assessing the effectiveness and impact of programs and can also be utilised as a tool for additional intervention. Continue Reading

A mite infestation leads to the skin disorder known as scabies, which is highly contagious. Burrowing under the skin, the Sarcoptes scabiei mite produces excruciating itching.  This itching is constant, particularly at night. Family members and intimate skin-to-skin relationships provide the greatest danger because skin-to-skin contact is how the infectiousContinue Reading