An Introduction to Lipase

by Adebayo Osesusi

Lipases are a group of water-soluble enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis (and synthesis) of ester bonds in insoluble acylglycerols at lipid-water interfaces. Lipases hydrolyze triacylglycerides into  diacylglycerides, monoacylglycerides, free fatty acids  and glycerols. Lipase reaction occurs at the interface between the aqueous and the oil phases  because of an opposite polarity between the enzyme  (hydrophilic) and their substrates (lipophilic).

Read More
Pectinase: A Brief Overview of Industrial Enzymes

by Adebayo Osesusi

Enzymes are biocatalysts produced by living organisms to increase the rate of a set of chemical reactions required for various life processes. They are responsible for the catalysis of all essential life processes such as DNA replication and transcription, protein synthesis, metabolism, and signal transduction. Their ability to perform very specific chemical transformations has made them increasingly useful in numerous industrial processes.

Read More
field of plants
Genetically Modified Crops: Nigeria, Africa must join the rest of the world to ensure food self-sufficiency

by Tayo Fasuan

Genetically modified crops (GMCs) are food crops whose genes have been altered in some ways in order to improve them. Alternatively called genetically modified foods (GMFs), these food plants have been tinkered with in ways which improve their yields, make them resistant to droughts, pests and diseases, increase their nutritive value and survive on soils and climate that would have once been impossible.

Read More
blue and white zip pouch
Overview of Hypertension

by Mutiat Sunshine Oji

In patients with Heart Failure (HF), Hypertension (HTN) remains a major contributory factor as hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy can result in the dysfunction of the left ventricles. Till date, the cause of hypertension is unknown, however, there are many possibilities and influences related to hypertension in patients. Notable influences include, high salt intake, the sympathetic nervous system, the renin-angiotensin system obesity and insulin resistance.

Read More